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Thuparamaya

  Thuaparamaya This is the principal stupa to be inherent the country after the acquaintance of Buddhism with Sri Lanka. Implicit the hour o...

 Thuaparamaya

This is the principal stupa to be inherent the country after the acquaintance of Buddhism with Sri Lanka. Implicit the hour of lord Devamnampiyatissa (250BC - 210BC) this was a stupa as well as an Aramic complex (religious community). "As Contemporary with Asoka " (says Mr. Fergusson, in his Set of experiences of Indian and Eastern Design ), "it has a place with the most fascinating time of Buddhist history, and is more established, or, at any rate, as old as anything presently existing on the landmass of India" (Smither and Wikramagamage, 1993).

 Today destroys of this mind boggling covers almost 3 ½ sections of land. The stupa was based on the guidelines of Mahinda Thero who carried Buddhism to the island to cherish the right collar-bone of Ruler Buddha.

 As per Mahavamsa, the Incomparable Annal of Sri Lanka, where the stupa stands has been honored by Buddha's presence during his third visit to Kelaniaya in Sri Lanka. The Incomparable Mahinda Thero on the forward day of the visit, visited Mahameghavanaramaya and checked limit lines for 32 malaka's and the Thuparamaya. On the development of the Stupa in the wake of passing the primary time of "Wass", the Mahavamsa states that the right collar bone remnant of Buddha was given by the Sakra, the lord of the Divine beings from the Silumini Seya. The artifact was conveyed by an elephant to the area of the Stupa yet wouldn't allow in cut down. The ruler asked from Mahinda thero for the explanation and he addressed that the elephant wouldn't permit it to be conveyed down however it would permit to be assumed off to a position of same level of its back.

 Lord Devanampiyatissa quickly got his men to bring dry earth from the Abyaya Wewa (presently called Basawakkulama Wewa) , fabricated a hill to the level of the elephants back and the elephant permitted the relics to be removed its back and store in the hill. The lord then, at that point, quickly began the structure of the stupa up to knee level and welcomed the relics to the artifact office of the stupa. The relics ascended to the sky and in the wake of playing out a bunch of supernatural occurrence acts drifted in to the artifact chamber. A sapling of the Sri Maha Bodhi also was established here. The stupa was then finished as a paddy load (Dhanyakara).

 In light of Mahawansa, a stone shelf to stupa was reimbursed by lord Lanjatissa (119-109 BC). A one-of-a-kind engineering highlight called Vatadage (likewise called Stupaghara, Stupa House) was added by lord Vashaba ( 65-109AC). This building totally housed the stupa ahd the rooftop was upheld by concentric circles of finished stone points of support. Ruler Gotabhaya (253-266) had reestablished this Vatadage. His child, Jettatissa (266-276AC) is accounted for to have moved enormous Buddha sculptures from Thuparama to Pacinatissa Pabbatha Viharaya and his more youthful sibling ruler Mahasena (276-303) has again moved this picture to Abhayagiya Viharaya (Geiger, 1912) .

 Fixes and augmentations to this stupa has been made by ruler Upathissa I (368-410), Dhathusena (459-477AC) and Aggabodhi II (608-618AC). ruler Dathopatissa I (643-650AC) had tore open the artifact office of the stupa to fund-raise for his warriors. Anyway lord ruler Kassapa II (650-659AC) totally reestablished the stupa and lord Manavamma (684-718AC), child of Kassapa II reestablished the top of the stupa. Lord Mahinda I (777-797 AC) encased the stupa in a gold and silver packaging. Dappula II (815-831 AC) covered the Vatadage (Thupaghara) done with brilliant blocks and introduced entryways of gold. The Pandyans then pillaged the housings, the gems and fortunes inside the stupa. Sena II (853-887 AC) reestablished the gold-plated packaging and Udaya II (887-898 AC) reestablished the gold plating. Mahinda IV (956-972 AC) covered the stupa with segments of gold and silver and introduced a gold entryway in the thupaghara. The Colas then, at that point, pillaged the whole vihara toward the finish of the tenth 100 years. It Was Parakramabahu the Incomparable (1153-1186AC) in the twelfth century was the last to reestablish the stupa and the thupaghara .

At present four concentric circles of stone support points are tracked down around the stupa. They reduce in range from internal most circle and at one time carried the heaviness of a vault formed rooftop over the stupa. There has been 176 points of support which upheld this stupa house and in 1896, 31 complete points of support with capitals has been standing.

 The remodel of the current stupa was finished in 1862 which as totally changed the antiquated highlights of this most old stupa. Today the stupa is formed as a chime (Ghantakara) rather than the first Paddy-Stack (Dhanyakara) shape.

 The measurement at the foundation of the chime is 40 feet 6 inches and at the springing of its hemispherical arch, which is 11 feet 6 creeps over the basement.The complete level of the ongoing stupa is 63 feet. The lower some portion of the chime is circled with a few belts of strong moldings to the level of 9 feet. The round storm cellar 164 feet 6 creeps in distance across and 11.4 feet in level (Fergusson, Burgess and Spiers, 1910).

The primary complex is encircled by a square wall with a superb entry on the south-east side. Inside this and on the contrary side (behind the stupa) is one more construction which Smither (in 1894) had recognized as a demolished dagoba and the expected burial chamber of Mahinda thero. This has now been recognized as the Bodhigara (Bo Tree House). As you enter from the principal entrance, there is a little stupa on your right which Smither (in 1894) accepted to have cherished stays of Sanghamitta Theri. Anyway this stupa has now been recognized as the Padalanchana Stupa based on the specific spot where every one of the Buddhas of this age (Kakusanndha, Konagamana, Kassapa and Gouthama Buddha) have left their impressions by the ruler Lagnatissa (119-109 BC).

 

On the Left is a wonderful picture house which has been point by point underneath. On the extreme left external the square region is the section place of the Thuparamaya. This has been a huge structure with practically all the monstrous rock points of support actually standing unblemished. Despite the fact that there are no cut support point capitals, two grand guard stones are found at the entry to this structure.


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